The Long-Term Outlook: Managing Social Anxiety for a Fulfilling Life

Social anxiety can be described as the fear of negative evaluation and judgment in social situations. Most people may experience some sort of social anxiety, especially in situations where they meet new people, and it is considered normal. People with high social anxiety has a fear of behaving in a way that will humiliate or embarrass themselves in social situations. They might be also worried about showing physical symptoms such as sweating, blushing, shaking that may cause them to be negatively evaluated. They worry that people might describe them as weird, stupid, boring, weak, or unlikable. In such environments, they focus all their attention on themselves, begin to observe how they behave, think about how they appear in the eyes of others, and while they evaluate themselves negatively, they would believe others also do so. 

High levels of social anxiety might interfere with your social interactions such as meeting new people and making friends. it might also negatively influence your professional life such as engaging in meaningful conversations or giving presentations and participating to team meetings. Some people might also struggle with shopping or asking directions to strangers. Unless treated, social anxiety might restrict your participation to daily life and might lower your self-esteem. 

Social anxiety can significantly impact various aspects of personal and professional interactions, leading to stress and discomfort. Seeking professional help, such as therapy or counseling, can be beneficial for those struggling with social anxiety, as effective interventions and strategies are available to manage and alleviate its symptoms. Individuals can also implement self-care and mindfulness strategies to help themselves with social anxiety.

Understanding Social Anxiety

Individuals with high social anxiety avoid entering social situations that constantly create anxiety or try to endure these situations with increased distress. Some people intensely avoid almost all social situations such as going to social gatherings, not giving presentations, not speaking in public while others exhibit subtle avoidance behaviors such as looking at anyone at social gatherings, not being eye-catching, and over-preparing for presentations. 

We all have a need to be liked, approved, and valued and to be part of the society. It is normal to fear to be isolated from social groups. As a result, we act within the framework of certain social rules and expectations in our relationships with each other. This type of anxiety is normal and functional. However, social anxiety becomes a psychological problem when it exceeds the limit and begins to create problems in an individual’s work, school, family, and social life.

Social anxiety is a common mental health condition that affects a significant number of individuals worldwide. The condition typically emerges during adolescence but can persist into adulthood if left untreated. It's important to note that social anxiety exists on a spectrum, and many people may experience milder forms of social anxiety that do not meet the criteria for a 

diagnosis. The impact of social anxiety can range from mild discomfort in social situations to more severe impairment in daily functioning.

Recognizing the Long-Term Effects

Social anxiety might interfere with essential daily tasks such as;

  • Making phone calls
  • Speaking in front of an audience
  • Working in the presence of others
  • Talking face to face with people you don't know or don't know very well
  • Making a presentation 
  • Meeting new people 
  • Business meetings
  • Eating and drinking in public
  • Using public toilets
  • Sitting opposite each other in public transport
  • Having eye contact

Social anxiety can have pervasive and detrimental effects on various aspects of an individual's personal and professional life. Left unchecked, it may lead to isolation, strained relationships, and missed opportunities. As a result of avoiding feared social situations, individuals might also experience low self-esteem thinking that they don’t have the social skills they need or not suitable to succeed in career. It can create a self-perpetuating cycle of negative self-perception, hindering both personal and professional growth. By taking proactive steps such as seeking counselling, practicing self-care, and facing feared social situations, individuals can manage social anxiety and prevent its negative consequences.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Managing Social Anxiety

International clinical practice guidelines suggest Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies (CBT) as the first line of treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder. There is evidence that CBT protocols are effective in helping with the social anxiety disorder. 

The main purpose of cognitive and behavioral approaches for social anxiety disorder is to weaken the link between social situations and anxiety. The treatment intervenes in the individual’s thoughts and avoidance behaviors that maintain high levels of anxiety. It provides a learning opportunity about anxiety by exposing individuals into new social experiences. The more the individual is exposed to the situations which were avoided due to fear previously, the more an opportunity provided to reduce anxiety and unlearn the anxiety response. 

Self-Help Strategies for Managing Social Anxiety

  • Mindfulness: It helps individuals to focus on present-moment awareness and observe their thoughts without judgment. One such activity is deep breathing exercises, where individuals focus on their breath, inhaling deeply through the nose quickly, holding the breath and exhaling slowly through the mouth. This simple yet powerful practice helps to anchor attention to the present moment, promoting a sense of calm and reducing the grip of anxious thoughts. Additionally, engaging in mindful walking, where attention is directed to the sensations of each step, can further ground individuals in the present and alleviate anxiety. Similarly, body scan meditation involves systematically focusing on different parts of the body, noticing any tension or discomfort, and consciously releasing it, promoting relaxation, and reducing overall anxiety levels. Regular meditation practices can help individuals recognize and manage anxious thoughts more effectively.
  • Journaling: Journaling serves as a valuable tool in mitigating social anxiety, particularly for individuals prone to overthinking. By providing a platform to document thoughts and emotions, journaling enables individuals to examine their inner dialogue in an unbiased manner. This process fosters greater self-awareness and perspective, empowering individuals to challenge and reframe negative thought patterns associated with social anxiety.
  • Exercise: Physical activity reduces stress and releases endorphins, enhancing mood and overall well-being. Activities such as walking, swimming, yoga and pilates can help to reduce anxiety levels. 
  • Exposure to social situations: If you struggle with mild levels of anxiety, it might be useful to try facing feared situations starting from the least feared one. However, it is best to seek professional support if you find this idea daunting or your anxiety gets worse even after trying this. 

Cultivating a Fulfilling Life

High levels of social anxiety might interfere with some or many aspects of your life, reducing your self-esteem, and limiting your actions due to avoidance of feared social situations. Social anxiety might be reducing your job performance and limiting your career options. Even when you push yourself at work to give presentations or participate to team meetings, you might be experiencing high levels of anxiety or might not be feeling like yourself.  Social anxiety might not be allowing you to be your genuine self in social interactions. Individuals can foster an increased sense of confidence and authenticity, which ultimately facilitates deeper and more fulfilling engagements in every aspect of their lives when the social anxiety is managed well. 

The Journey to Long-Term Fulfillment

Some levels of social anxiety are expected in some social situations especially if the situation is novel for you. High levels of social anxiety which interferes with your wishes and goals can be incredibly challenging, often seeming overwhelming and constraining one's social life. However, it's important to recognize that it can be overcomed with the right support and strategies, particularly through therapy. Despite initial difficulties, there is hope for managing and even conquering social anxiety. Seeking help is a crucial step towards regaining control and finding relief from its grip.

Navigating Anxiety: How Therapy Can Help

Anxiety is one of the most common mental health conditions globally. Modern life has brought stressors such as work pressures, financial concerns, environmental concerns and living in the age of fast-paced technical advancements. All these changes happened in the last century and contributed to the significant rise of anxiety. 

Considering our ancestors were not born into such a constantly changing world, it is understandable that we might not have up-to-date coping tools to keep up with the demands of the modern life. As a result, it becomes vital to have access to both online therapy and in-person therapy for coping with anxiety, as it allows individuals to choose the modality that best suits their preferences, comfort levels, and practical needs, thereby enhancing the overall effectiveness and accessibility of mental health support.

Understanding Anxiety

Anxiety could be defined as worrying unreasonably or excessively. People suffering from anxiety or anxiety disorders constantly worry and cannot control the negative thoughts that come to their minds. Common worries might be related to health, money, family, or work. While every individual may feel anxious about such issues from time to time, those with anxiety disorders always expect the worst, and this becomes an obstacle to the person live a normal life. Anxiety disorders, in addition to a high level of anxiety, can manifest itself with different physical symptoms such as fatigue, sweating, sleep problems.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder:

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) presents itself in the individual’s life with being constantly and excessively anxious. The main symptoms are attention problems, muscle tension, and sleep problems accompanied by restlessness and fatigue. GAD differs from other anxiety disorders that the trigger for the individual’s anxiety is related to more than one situation. For the other disorders of anxiety, the source is limited to a specific situation or cause (e.g., sudden attacks in panic disorder, shyness/timidity in social phobia). The nature of GAD is that the individual worries about many things, not just one or two.

Social Anxiety Disorder:

Social phobia is one of the common anxiety disorders characterized by various symptoms triggered in social environments. It usually begins in childhood or adolescence. People with this disorder tend to feel quite nervous or uncomfortable in social situations. They might be seen by others as shy, quiet, or introverted. On the contrary, they enjoy making friends, joining groups, and participating in activities that involve social interaction; however, they might not be able to socialize because of their high anxiety.

Panic Disorder: 

Panic disorder is characterized by recurring and unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks usually lasts 15-20 minutes and ends spontaneously. However, they can feel very disturbing. Since severe fear is accompanied by physical symptoms, individuals may think that they are having a heart attack or stroke or may fear losing their minds. Contrary to popular belief, panic attacks occur unexpectedly and suddenly, without any triggering situation. However, severe stress can predispose to panic attacks in general.

Coping Tools for High Anxiety

Get enough quality of sleep: While anxiety can cause sleep problems, not getting enough quality sleep can worsen anxiety. For this reason, it is necessary to get quality sleep. Going to sleep and waking up at the same time every day helps achieve a good sleep pattern. Taking a hot shower before sleep, moving away from screens, and stopping caffeine consumption 4-6 hours before sleep will help you have a good quality sleep. 

Journaling: One of the best ways to deal with anxiety is to write down anxious thoughts. In this way, anxiety takes a physical form. Although the emotions we express in writing might be more realistic, it also helps us to look at our feelings from a distance. Writing about topics of concern allows you to think with a clearer mind and calm down.

Physical Activity: One of the best ways to deal with anxiety is movement. Activities such as walking, running, swimming or yoga help to cope with anxiety by emptying the mind instead of stopping and thinking and experiencing more stress. Being active and exercising regularly positively affects the release of endorphins. In this way, the human body reacts less to pain or stress. 

Breathing Exercises and Mindfulness: Feelings of anxiety often bring physical reactions such as sweating, dizziness, heart palpitations, and nausea. When you get this feeling, stop everything you are doing and focus on your breathing. Fast and frequent breathing causes the feeling of anxiety to increase and breathing deeply and slowly and exhaling loudly helps relax and calms both the mind and body.

Get Professional Support: Although anxiety is a part of daily life, if it starts is at a level that negatively affects daily life and the individual is aware that their quality of life has decreased due to anxiety, it might be best to seek support. 

How Online Therapy Can Help You Cope with Anxiety

Online therapy can help to manage high anxiety by providing convenient access to professional support and offering flexibility in scheduling to equip the individuals with useful coping tools. Online therapy is not limited to your location so it would bring a variety of choices of anxiety therapists and give access to different methods of therapy so you can decide the best fit. Considering some individuals with certain types of anxiety disorders such as panic disorder and phobias might struggle to commute, having online therapy options might make it easier to start therapy. Individuals with generalized anxiety issues might also struggle to commit to therapy and make time for it in their lives, online therapy might be a more convenient option due to offering flexibility. 

Online therapy can be provided in various forms such as video calls, audio calls and chat based. Video calls work like an in-person meeting because it also gives the opportunity to include non-verbal interaction. Audio calls could be chosen for the conditions with limited internet connection. Chat-based approach are used mostly for applications designed for therapy. 

If you are considering online therapy for anxiety, make sure to choose the therapy approach recommended for anxiety which fits your needs well and arrange an initial consultation session for anxiety with the therapist. Make sure to have good internet connection and have a confidential space at home. 

Real-Life Strategies for Coping with Anxiety Through in-person Therapy

If you are interested in having in-person therapy for anxiety, it is important to set realistic goals and expectations. Therapy for anxiety takes at least 8-12 sessions and people with long term anxiety might need to work with a therapist longer in some cases up to two years.  It’s important to make time for in-person sessions because therapy would require regular attendance and active participation. 

Therapy can be considered as investment for yourself, to increase your quality of life, and make better decisions as opposed to your life being on hold or your life quality being low due to having high levels of anxiety. Regular therapy for anxiety has the potential to yield long-term benefits by fostering personal growth, enhancing coping skills, and providing ongoing support to navigate life’s challenges. 

Conclusion

Anxiety is on the rise because of trying to catch up with the demands of the modern life.

Although some levels of stress are considered healthy, when it becomes anxiety as in the form of excessive worrying and interfering with your life, it becomes important to seek help to regain the control of your life. Online therapy is a convenient option especially for people with anxiety who struggles with worrying because it is flexible and might fit easier to any schedule. It also provides an easy start to therapy for people with panic attacks and phobias. 

Anxiety disorders are highly manageable conditions with the right treatment such as psychotherapy for anxiety and it is possible to overcome it with the right support.

5 Signs CBT could be a good fit for you

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy approach with a scientific basis, and it is a treatment approach that has been proven to be effective in many mental health conditions and a wide range of issues.

In CBT sessions, the client and therapist work collaboratively to discover on how the interconnection between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors leads to the mental health issues. The approach generally focuses on the “here and now”, that is, on the problems that the individual is currently struggling with rather than focusing on the past or the childhood of the individual. Various activities that the individual cannot do due to their symptoms are chosen as treatment targets, and at the end of the treatment, the aim is to improve the quality of life by eliminating the barriers caused by the mental health issues. 

CBT is a short-term, goal-based approach proven to be effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders, depression, OCD, PTSD, eating disorders, sleep problems, stress management, anger management and ADHD. It helps to reduce the symptoms and allow people to manage their mental health issues. 

Understanding CBT

In cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT), the therapist and the client try to identify the mental health issues together and determine how the current problem affects the individuals’ thoughts, feelings and behaviors and functioning during the day. 

Followed by the identification of the individuals’ personal problems, the therapist and the client determine treatment goals and create a treatment plan in the next stage. The aim of therapy is to enable the individuals to come up with new solutions that may be more useful in solving their problems than the coping methods that are currently in use.

There is scientific data showing the effectiveness of CBT. These data have shown that cognitive behavioral therapy is effective in the treatment of many mental health issues, and it has been included as an effective treatment method in many treatment guidelines.

5 Signs that CBT is a Good Fit for You

  1. If you struggle with low mood, anxiety, OCD, PTSD, eating disorders; CBT is an evidence based psychotherapeutic approach which is offered as the first option of treatment.
  2. If you think that you would benefit from a structured approach: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a structured therapeutic approach characterized by collaborative goal setting, session agendas, homework assignments, and skill-building exercises to systematically address and modify negative thought patterns and behaviors.
  3. If you would like to see results in a short amount of time: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a considered a time-limited therapeutic approach, usually offered in a specified number of sessions, focusing on achieving specific goals within a timeframe.
  4. If you would prefer working collaboratively with your therapist: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a collaborative therapeutic approach where therapists and the individual work together to set goals, identify, and challenge maladaptive thoughts, and develop practical strategies to address specific concerns.
  5. If you struggle with negative thinking: CBT helps with changing the maladaptive thinking such as negative thinking, excessive worrying and would be helpful if you would like to think more positively or in a more balanced way.

Repetitive Negative Thought Patterns:

Persistent negative thoughts, whether rooted in anxiety, depression, or OCD, may signal a need for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), as this therapeutic approach is designed to identify and modify these distorted thought patterns, offering practical tools to enable positive change and improve emotional well-being. 

Let’s think of an individual with high anxiety levels. There might be times when they feel anxious about not being able to stop some of their thoughts, or they can feel that their thoughts are uncontrollable. They might often focus on their emotions and get preoccupied with thinking what to do next. High anxiety distorts thinking patterns and distorted thinking patterns would create more anxiety. Individuals with high generalized anxiety might not be able to work towards what they want to achieve in their lives because of excessive worrying. CBT addresses negative thought patterns to reach to balanced, neutral thinking which would provide relief with anxiety symptoms and reduce avoidance behaviors.  

Behavioral Patterns and Habits:

CBT helps to change behavioral patterns by helping individuals recognize and modify their underlying negative thoughts, breaking the cycle of unhelpful behaviors, and promoting the development of healthier coping strategies. 

For example, CBT for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) would help the individual to reevaluate and modify distressing thought patterns associated with the traumatic event, allowing for a reduction in avoidance behaviors of the trauma associated situations and the development of healthier coping strategies to navigate triggering situation. A road traffic accident survivor who avoids having car journeys due to PTSD would be able to have car journeys or go back to driving as a part of changing behavioral patterns in the CBT treatment for PTSD.

Overwhelming Emotions:

CBT helps to develop effective coping strategies to manage and regulate their emotions more adaptively by identifying and understand emotions, challenge, and modify maladaptive thought patterns contributing to emotional distress. 

Individuals struggling with anger management would learn to identify and change distorted thoughts that contribute to their anger issue and would be able to develop effective coping strategies to respond healthily to triggering situations.

Social and Interpersonal Challenges:

CBT is an effective psychotherapy approach offering support for social and interpersonal challenges. For example, someone with social anxiety is shaped by fear of evaluation and judgment coming from other people and some social situations. Individuals with social anxiety might avoid social situations to lower their anxiety levels. CBT helps to challenge the expectation of judgment from others, followed by behavioral strategies to promote engaging in social activities with increased confidence and reduced avoidance. As a result, individuals would be able to participate to social activities with no anxiety.

CBT is a solution focused approach focusing on behavioral changes which makes it a good fit for people looking to improve communication skills or assertiveness skills. It discovers the origins of having communication and assertiveness related issues and change contributing thought patterns, then help the individual to build new skills to practice in their lives.

Stress and Coping Issues:

Stress is an inevitable part of life and certain amount of stress is considered as healthy. However, life happens, and you might find yourself with an important transition to adjust which might create unhealthy amounts of stress. CBT provides individuals with practical tools and coping strategies to manage stressors, enhance resilience, and adapt more effectively to life’s challenges. CBT empowers individuals to navigate difficulties, building a resilient mindset and promoting lasting improvements in emotional well-being. 

The Benefits of CBT:

Choosing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) offers the advantage of evidence-based effectiveness, a short-term, goal-oriented nature, and a focus on building long-lasting coping skills, making it an efficient and impactful treatment option for various mental health concerns. 

Conclusion:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) stands out as an evidence based and proven psychotherapeutic approach effective across various mental health conditions. Emphasizing the interconnection between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, CBT concentrates on the present issues rather than delving into the past. It targets specific activities impacted by symptoms, aiming to enhance overall quality of life. Proven effective in short-term interventions, CBT is a prominent treatment for anxiety disorders, depression, OCD, PTSD, eating disorders, sleep problems, stress, anger management, and ADHD. Through collaborative identification of issues and personalized goal setting, CBT empowers individuals to devise new coping tools, fostering resilience. 

Embarking on the journey toward improved mental well-being is a transformative decision. Seeking professional guidance, such as through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), can provide invaluable support in navigating life’s challenges. A skilled therapist can offer a safe space to explore and understand your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, guiding you toward practical strategies and coping skills.

You can find CBT therapists contacting to your GP practice and using therapy directories such as Psychology Today, or the directories of regulated therapist associations such as British Association for Counseling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and British Association for Cognitive Behavioral Therapies (BABCP).

Online Therapy: Making Mental Health Support Accessible and Effective

Prioritizing mental health is essential for leading a fulfilling and balanced life and contribute to overall well-being.  Many mental health issues such as anxiety disorders, depression, PTSD and OCD are treatable with talking therapies. Receiving psychotherapy would help individuals to relieve from the mental health issues and gain the control of their lives back. 

Considering it was 1986, when a form of online therapy was trialed, it is possible to say that online therapy has been an effective tool of therapy for a long while. It became even more popular with the Covid-19. It provides accessible mental health support with offering flexibility and making it easier to have regular psychotherapy sessions. It breaks geographical barriers and reduces the need to dedicate more time with commuting, helps financially and offer a more variety of therapists and therapy options. 

What Is Online Therapy?

When we picture psychotherapy, what would come to your mind would be the client and a sofa. Therapy has been conducted in-person settings since it’s development in late 19th century. However, with the advances in technology, it is now possible to have online meetings as effective as in-person meeting. 

Considering all the things individuals do online nowadays such as job search, job interviews, meeting new people, shopping and even GP appointments, it is no surprise that there is a growing interest for online therapy. Especially the generation below the age of 30 was born into the age of computers and internet and might find online meetings more comfortable than more traditional, in-person meetings. 

Online therapy can be conducted in different forms such as video calls, audio calls, phone calls, chat sessions. Video calls offers personal interaction and non-verbal cues which is quite similar to in-person therapy. Phone-based therapy offers voice communication, catering to individuals with limited internet access. Email therapy allows clients to compose thoughts at their own pace. There are also online support groups which gather people seeking support in a similar topic and creating a community. 

Online Therapy- Is it a good fit for me?

Online therapy fits into busy schedules:

Mental health issues are on the rise due to a combination of increased awareness and recognition, changing societal pressures, economic factors, lifestyle changes, past traumas, and environmental factors. If you are reading this page to seek mental health support, you are not alone. 1 in 4 people experience mental health issues each year. Anxiety disorders are the most common one which is not surprising thinking of our busy lifestyles, keeping up with the demands of our family commitments, social life and work demands.

Psychotherapy sessions usually take an hour weekly and would require commitment for a couple of months at least if not open-ended, long-term work. Although, individuals might want to commit to in-person meetings, it might not always be feasible to make time for psychotherapy regularly. Some individuals with business commitments, family commitments or parental responsibilities might not be able to make the commitment due to their busy lifestyles although they might want to seek therapy. 

Online therapy is the right choice for people who prioritize regularity:

Having psychotherapy in-person would require better planning, more time and would be more financially costly which not everybody would be able to afford having it regularly.

Online therapy is convenient:

Nowadays, majority of the people would prefer hybrid or remote work options. Having online therapy would make therapy more accessible for professionals who work from home because it can even be scheduled right before after work, a lunch break or right after work. Many people who are required to work from office due to having pressuring jobs can schedule sessions at their convenience booking a conference room at work or from their cars. There is no need to cancel due to being busy or having a minor sickness or travelling. 

Online therapy brings new opportunities and removes barriers:  

Online therapy also makes it easier for individuals to pick the therapist of their choice and the right therapy approach for them without having geographical limitations or having to choose from psychotherapists near them. 

Online Therapy and Accessibility

Considering the rise of mental health issues, making psychotherapy accessible becomes crucial. Online therapy eliminates geographical barriers to accessing mental health support. 

It allows individuals to access therapy from anywhere with an internet connection. It might also help, if you feel uncomfortable visiting a therapist’s office due to stigma.

Online Therapy for Anxiety, Depression, PTSD and OCD

Online therapy can be especially helpful for people who have anxiety issues, PTSD, depression and ODC.

Benefits of having Online Therapy for Anxiety:

If you struggle with high anxiety daily, panic disorder or social anxiety, you might find it more convenient to have sessions from home. Especially individuals struggling with panic disorder might find it difficult to commute and travel to different locations. People with social anxiety might struggle to meet a new therapist in-person. It must be already difficult to keep going to your daily life with having high anxiety and having psychotherapy sessions should not add more stress with planning and commuting. 

Benefits of having Online Therapy for Depression:

People who have depression or low mood, it might feel difficult to commit to therapy because of lack of motivation or hopelessness coming with depression. Having online therapy might make it easier to start and begin the journey of recovery.

Benefits of having Online Therapy for PTSD:

People who experience PTSD might struggle with the reminders of the traumatic event and might have a tendency to avoid certain situations. It might feel safer to have therapy from home.

Benefits of having Online Therapy for OCD:

OCD could interfere with an individual’s life due to the intrusive thoughts and compulsions. It might become difficult to make plans or commute. Online therapy might help for the individuals with OCD to receive support easily. 

How effective are online therapy sessions?

Scientific studies have shown that for many mental health issues such as anxiety, PTSD, OCD and depression, online therapy is as effective as in-person therapy. As a psychotherapist, it makes so much sense why they are equally effective. Whether you have therapy online or in-person, the therapy approach isn’t going to change, and all the work required for you to recover would remain the same. Online or in-person therapy is just the medium of delivery independent to the nature of the therapeutic work. 

Safety and Privacy in Online Therapy

It’s an ethical responsibility for your therapist to choose the right method of delivering online therapy considering safety and privacy. Therapists pick the best ethically correct technological platforms for their online work by making sure that they meet the requirements of safety and privacy. If you have any concerns regarding online therapy, it is best to ask your therapist before booking the initial consultation session.

It is essential for the psychotherapists in the UK to stay informed about GDPR (The General Data Protection Regulation) requirements and to regularly review and update their data protection practices. GDPR regulations shape how personal data is obtained, kept, and used. Therapists who provide digital services also get registered with the ICO and process data according to the suggested guidelines, 

Tips for Making the Most of Online Therapy

If you are interested in having online therapy, you might want to consider the following suggestions to make the most out of it.

– Make sure that you can have a confidential, quiet space to have regular meetings.

– You do not need to sit in a chair and use a desk unless you would prefer such a set up. You can create a personal space and have therapy from where you find most comfortable as long as you can keep your confidentiality. 

– Time it right! It would be better if you schedule your sessions to your most preferred time in the day considering your work commitments, parental responsibilities or even whether you are a morning or evening person. 

– Commit to therapy until you reach your goals. Therapy requires at least a couple of months long commitment. It might sometimes require even longer commitment. Be open with your therapist if you have a specific goal or timeframe on your mind and discuss options.

– Choose the right therapist. Online therapy would make many therapy options accessible. Consider your options well and try to find the best fit. It might be also a good idea to work with a therapist who has experience in online therapy.

Conclusion

In the age of technology, it is not surprising that the demand for online therapy is on the rise. Online therapy makes accessing to therapy easier and helps with the daunting process of getting started to therapy. It is also convenient in terms of not having to commute, requiring less amount of time, and reduced financial cost. 

Online therapy plays a pivotal role in breaking down barriers, making mental health support accessible to all and fostering effective, personalized well-being from the convenience of any location. 

Take a positive step towards prioritizing your mental health by considering online therapy—a convenient and accessible option that provides tailored support from the comfort of your own space. 

Beautiful Watercolor Background with Splatters
Beautiful Watercolor Background with Splatters

What is Trauma and How Does It Affect the Brain? The Physiological Responses to Trauma: Fight, Flight, Freeze, and Fawn

Traumatic experiences can have vast and long-term effects on an individual’s mental health. It can lead to mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety. Trauma survivors often struggle to cope with the impact of trauma on their lives. Understanding trauma is essential for the journey towards healing.

Trauma can trigger a range of physiological responses as the body and brain react to a perceived threat or danger. Physiological responses could manifest as fatigue, exhaustion, sleep problems, hyperexcitability, somatic complaints, impairment of the immune system, loss of appetite.

Emotional reactions: Traumatic incidents could elicit anxiety related feelings such as shock, panic and fear.  It can also lead to guilt and self-blame and depression. Some people might experience helplessness and anger. 

Cognitive reactions: It is quite common to struggle remembering the details of the traumatic memory. Some people might also struggle with attention and concentration in the aftermath of trauma.

Interpersonal Reactions: After trauma, some people might feel lonely and distance themselves further from their loved ones. It might create a negative impact in friendships, relationships, and family ties.

What is Trauma?

Acute Stress Disorder (ASD): Traumatic events can lead to acute stress reactions, such as acute stress disorder (ASD), which is characterized by a set of distressing symptoms in the immediate aftermath of the trauma.  Acute Stress Disorder describes reactions that occur within 4 weeks following the traumatic event and last from 2 days to 1 month.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop in individuals who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event. PTSD is characterized by a range of symptoms that can persist for an extended period, often long after the traumatic event has occurred.

In short, the most important difference between the two disorders is duration of symptoms. 

Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD) is a psychological condition that can develop in individuals who have experienced prolonged and repeated traumatic events, often in the form of ongoing interpersonal trauma, such as childhood abuse, neglect, domestic abuse, war or multiple traumatic experiences during life. It can be seen as a disorder developing as a result of long-term trauma.

C-PTSD is considered a more severe and chronic form of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and it is associated with a broader range of symptoms that can affect a person’s mental and emotional well-being.

  • Common traumatic experiences (e.g., physical or emotional abuse, natural disasters, accidents).
  • Natural disasters
  • Life threating accidents
  • Physical and sexual Assaults
  • War
  • Violence
  • Domestic violence
  • Childhood abuse
  • Sudden loss of a loved one
  • Life threatening illness or injury
  • Distinction between trauma and everyday stress. 

Stress is a normal physical response of the body to balance against events that cause a feeling of discrepancy between the tasks and the perception of being capable of meeting such demands. 

Psychological trauma is caused by unusual and unexpected events that make the individuals extremely frightened, terrified, and helpless. Many events occur in human life that cause distress and sadness, but not all of them cause psychological trauma. 

In traumatic experiences, continuity in daily life is unexpectedly disrupted or interrupted. Trauma occurs suddenly. Depending on how big the perceived threat is, it renders existing coping tools insufficient to a greater extent and makes an individual to struggle more with trauma related symptoms. It carries a clear or hidden threat to the existence of the individual, family, or community.

The Brain and Trauma

To understand why ASD or PTSD develops, it may be helpful to have a basic understanding of the brain. The Triune Brain Model was developed by neuroscientist Paul D. MacLean in the 1960s, and this model enabled understanding of cognitive functioning.

The brain can be divided into three main parts, from simple to complex structure:

  1. Reptile Brain: It contains survival instincts. It manages body processes such as heart rate, breathing, and hunger.
  2. Mammalian Brain (Limbic System): It contains the limbic system, which processes emotions such as joy and fear. It also regulates processes such as attachment and reproduction. 
  3. Neomammalian Brain (Neocortex): It manages processes such as memory, self-regulation, learning, decision making and problem solving.

How trauma affects the brain is it shuts down all non-essential systems and switches to the “lower” brain system. This activates the sympathetic nervous system and helps release stress hormones, preparing you for “survival” mode: Fight-Flight-Freeze.

After a traumatic event, when the threat passes, your parasympathetic nervous system comes into play. This ensures that all three parts of your brain continue to function normally. In this way, you can process what you have experienced. However, in some people PTSD occurs and the brain remains in “survival” mode at all times. 

In the context of trauma, the role of amygdala in stress response that rapid threat detection and emotional processing can contribute to immediate survival by initiating defensive responses. However, the amygdala’s involvement in encoding traumatic memories and emotional reactions can also lead to long-term consequences, including the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In PTSD, the amygdala’s response to traumatic memories and cues remains heightened, leading to ongoing distress and re-experiencing of the trauma.

The Physiological Responses to Trauma

“Fight, flight, freeze, or fawn” response is a framework used to describe how individuals respond to perceived threats. It categorizes the various ways people react when they encounter situations that trigger their body’s stress response system. This framework acknowledges that not everyone responds in the same way to stress or danger although their response could be expected to be a part of flight-or-fight system. Here’s an overview of each response.

Fight: When there is a perceived threat, the body prepares to confront it with increased heart rate, blood pressure, and adrenaline and priming muscles for action. 

Flight: It is an instinctual response to escape from a threat or stressful situation by releasing stress hormones and activation of the cardiovascular system. The goal is to eliminate the perceived threat by removing one from the situation. 

The difference between the fight and flight response is whether the individual decides to confront or eliminate the threat.

Freeze: It is a survival strategy to reduce the likelihood of being targeted by the predator with temporary immobilization in the face of danger. The freeze response triggers the parasympathetic nervous system and might create sensations of numbness or disconnection.

Fawn: The fawn response could be considered as a less commonly acknowledged response which refers to appeasing or placating the aggressor as a means of survival. It usually develops in complex PTSD when there is long term abuse. The goal is to keep the peace or please the aggressor to eliminate threat.

The Long-term Effects of Trauma on the Brain

Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to learn, adapt and reorganize to adjust to environmental changes. It refers to brain’s capability of adapting by growing new neural pathways. It could be easily misconstrued that traumatized people won’t be able to go back to normal when the experience is too difficult to process and go back to daily life. 

Neuroplasticity allows people to go back to normal or even learn and grow after a traumatic experience no matter how sudden, unexpected or shocking the event is. Neuroplasticity offers hope, as it demonstrates the brain’s potential for recovery and healing. The brain can adapt and rewire itself to reduce the impact of traumatic experiences and improve mental well-being with early and right interventions such as psychotherapy.

How chronic exposure to trauma can rewire the brain.

Chronic exposure to trauma can rewire the brain, leading to long-lasting changes in its structure and function. This rewiring is a result of the brain’s adaptive response to prolonged stress and the need to cope with overwhelming and distressing experiences.

Trauma is closely linked to the development of several mental health disorders, including acute-stress disorder (ASD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety disorders. Traumatic experiences can trigger or exacerbate these conditions, and individuals who have experienced trauma are at a higher risk of developing them.

PTSD occurs after a traumatic event. However, not all individuals with traumatic experiences develop PTSD, it depends on the severity, duration, and the meaning of the event for the individual as well as the coping tools and social support network of the individual. 

Traumatic experiences, especially when they are severe or ongoing, can lead to hopelessness, helplessness, pessimism, and despair which are common thought patterns and feelings seen in the development of depression. 

Anxiety symptoms may include excessive worry, restlessness, panic attacks, and avoidance of situations or places which could be associated with trauma responses. The individual might also become fearful of experiencing another traumatic event and might start catastrophizing or expecting the worst in life. Such thinking strategies would exacerbate anxiety. 

Childhood trauma, which can include experiences such as physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, neglect, or witnessing violence, can significantly increase the risk of developing depression and anxiety later in life. Childhood trauma can affect brain development, particularly in regions associated with emotional regulation, such as the amygdala and the prefrontal cortex. The adverse experiences and stress associated with trauma can disrupt the healthy development of emotional regulation and coping mechanisms, becomes a risk factor for developing PTSD, C-PTSD, depression and anxiety in later life. 

Schema Therapy for the treatment of Complex PTSD (C-PTSD) or a difficult childhood

Schemas could be described as deeply ingrained patterns consisting of beliefs, emotions, behaviors, and attitudes developed in early life. They shape how we perceive and respond to our experiences.

In Schema Therapy, core needs refer to the fundamental emotional and psychological needs that individuals have, particularly during their early developmental years. During childhood, cognitive and emotional functions are still developing. Traumatic or adverse events, especially when repeated or severe, can disrupt healthy emotional and cognitive development, leading to the formation of maladaptive schemas. The difficulty might arise from parent’s lack of meeting core needs of a child such as love, safety, attachment, emotional support, supporting autonomy and helping with self-control as well as the right to play and discover. It can be also shaped by external factors such as parental illness and loss, disasters, and bullying. 

Maladaptive schemas are shaped by adverse experiences in our childhood as a response to unmet core needs and adverse experiences. They might be helpful in our childhood, but they turn into pervasive patterns shaping our experiences and not involve up to date coping tools in accordance with our later experiences. As a result, individuals might get stuck with similar situations in life and be unable to cope with them. 

Schema Therapy’s role in identifying and challenging these schemas.

The goal of Schema Therapy is to identify and challenge the maladaptive schemas, replacing them with healthier, more adaptive ways of thinking and behaving. This often involves exploring and understanding the origins of these schemas, processing associated emotions, and developing new coping strategies. 

The therapeutic process and its benefits

Schema Therapy is an effective, evidence-based psychotherapy approach designed to help with long term, pervasive mental health challenges. It is particularly helpful for people who had a difficult childhood for any reason or any childhood trauma as well as people with C-PTSD. 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for PTSD 

CBT is an evidence-based, short-term psychotherapy approach which is found helpful treating PTSD. CBT techniques helps to reduce PTSD related symptoms with cognitive and behavioral strategies. Cognitive techniques support with the traumatic memory, associated shame and guilt, and helps to readjust distorted world views after trauma. Behavioral strategies bring relief in managing the reminders of the traumatic event, as well as reducing any avoidance behaviors associated with the event. 

Coping and Healing

Trauma is a sudden, overwhelming, life-changing experience which individuals’ existing coping tools might struggle to respond well to manage what happened, and as a result, life after trauma could get disrupted.

Although self-help strategies such as meditation, mindfulness, journaling, seeking social support are ways of coping with traumatic experiences, it might not be always sufficient. Because trauma shatters how individuals perceive the world, it might become vital to have a safe place to process what happened with an expert to be able to move forward which could be provided by psychotherapy. 

It’s important to choose the right therapist with expertise in trauma, PTSD and C-PTSD. People who receive help after a traumatic event are less likely to develop PTSD and more likely to recover from any trauma associated mental health problem. 

Conclusion

Traumatic experiences might bring long lasting, negative changes into an individual’s mental health such as depression, anxiety and PTSD, as well as behavioral changes and interpersonal difficulties with their families, friends and romantic relationships. It’s important to explore the impact of trauma in an individual’s life to manage the difficulties arose, process what happened and develop adaptive coping tools. 

Your well-being matters and everyone has the strength to move forward in life no matter how challenging the traumatic experience was. Seeking professional support can be a crucial step toward healing and reclaiming a sense of control over your life. 

Psychotherapy in London: Navigating the world of CBT and Schema Therapy

The modern world is marked by high levels of stress and pressure. It is not a big surprise considering work demands, social expectations, financial burdens, and the constant connectivity enabled by technology. This has led to a rise in mental health issues like anxiety and depression.
As a result, there has been a growing awareness of mental health issues. People are now more open to discussing their mental health concerns and seeking help without feeling ashamed or judged.
Psychotherapy plays a crucial role in helping individuals cope with the challenges of modern life and achieve better mental health. However, psychotherapy is not only about addressing mental health issues but also about personal growth and self-improvement. Many people seek psychotherapy to have better communication skills, become more assertive, manage stress, and improve well-being and life quality.

What is CBT? (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a widely used form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping individuals identify and change unhelpful thought patterns and behaviors. It is based on the idea that our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are all connected. If individuals manage to alter negative thought patterns and behaviors, they can overcome various mental health issues.
CBT has been shown to be effective in treating a wide range of mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety disorders (such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and eating disorders.

CBT starts by helping individuals become aware of the content of thoughts which are often distorted or have negative thought patterns when they struggle with mental health issues. These thought patterns are known as cognitive distortions. Through cognitive restructuring, individuals learn to challenge and replace these distortions with more balanced thoughts. This process
aims to change the way individuals perceive and interpret situations. In addition to working on thoughts, CBT also addresses behaviors. Individuals learn to identify problematic behaviors and develop strategies to modify them. This may involve setting specific goals and practicing new behaviors.

CBT is typically considered a short-term and time-limited therapy. It often involves a specific number of sessions, and treatment goals are typically well-defined. This contrasts with some other therapeutic approaches that may be more open-ended in terms of duration.
CBT tends to focus primarily on the present and future rather than delving extensively into the past. While past experiences are considered, the main emphasis is on understanding and addressing current thoughts, emotions, and behaviors to bring about change. Many other psychotherapeutic approaches would heavily emphasize on childhood and past experiences.

Understanding Schema Therapy:

Schema Therapy is an integrative therapy approach developed for the treatment of long term, recurrent, resistant, or chronic emotional and interpersonal problems. Schemas are enduring and self-defeating beliefs and patterns of behavior that develop early in life and can impact a person’s self-concept, relationships, and overall well-being. Schema therapy aims to identify
these schemas, understand their origins, and work to modify them, leading to healthier, more adaptive ways of thinking and behaving.

Schema Therapy takes a holistic approach to understanding and treating individuals by considering the interplay between thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and relational dynamics. It aims to create lasting and comprehensive change in clients’ lives.
Schema Therapy’s unique combination of cognitive, emotional, and relational elements makes it well-suited for individuals with deep-seated emotional and interpersonal issues, especially those associated with long term, chronic or recurrent mental health conditions. It is also useful for individuals wanting to understand and address the root causes of their struggles. It seeks a
unique balance between understanding the root causes and doing past work but also focusing on enabling change in the present.

When Schema Therapy is recommended

Chronic Depression: For individuals who experience recurrent or chronic depression that has not responded well to other treatments, Schema Therapy can be an effective option. It helps to identify and address the underlying schemas and modes that contribute to depressive episodes.
Complex Trauma (cPTSD): Schema Therapy is useful for individuals who have experienced complex trauma, such as childhood abuse or neglect. It helps them process the emotional wounds from their past and develop healthier coping mechanisms.
Recurrent Relationship Problems: Individuals who struggle with recurrent relationship problems, including difficulties with intimacy, trust, and communication, may find Schema Therapy helpful.
Low Self-Esteem: Schema Therapy is recommended for individuals with self-esteem issues. It helps clients develop a more positive and coherent self-concept.
Interpersonal Difficulties: When individuals have ongoing interpersonal difficulties, such as intense anger, difficulty asserting themselves, people pleasing or excessive need for approval, Schema Therapy can assist in addressing these issues.
Individuals Interested in In-Depth Self-Exploration: Some individuals may choose Schema Therapy because they are interested in deep self-exploration and gaining a better understanding of their core beliefs, emotional responses, and interpersonal patterns.

Why Choose a Specialist in Both CBT and Schema Therapy?

A therapist trained in both CBT and Schema Therapy has a comprehensive understanding of these two evidence-based approaches. This means they can provide a more nuanced and holistic assessment of your issues, incorporating the strengths of both modalities to tailor a treatment plan that addresses your unique needs.
With a therapist who is well-versed in multiple modalities, you have the flexibility to explore a wider range of therapeutic techniques and strategies, allowing for greater adaptability as your needs evolve over the course of treatment.

CBT is a short-term, goal-based approach which focuses on reducing symptoms and recovery from the mental health issues. On the other hand, Schema Therapy focuses on the root causes of the issues which are often embedded in childhood and early life experiences. The purpose of it is finding out the origins, and the link between current struggles with the goal of a life transformation where the individual no longer struggles with such issues and reducing the risk of the problem becoming recurrent or long term.
Many clients benefit from a combination of short-term, symptom-focused therapy and longer-term therapy. This approach helps them manage current symptoms while also addressing the root causes of their issues for long-term healing and relapse prevention.
Different modalities offer diverse coping strategies, equipping clients with a more extensive toolkit for managing stress, triggers, and life challenges.
Some mental health issues are multifaceted and deeply ingrained, such as personality disorders or complex trauma. A combined approach can address these complex issues more effectively by using a variety of therapeutic techniques.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Therapist in London:

In the UK, the primary regulatory bodies for psychotherapists and counselors include the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP) and the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP). Registration with these bodies demonstrates that the therapist meets certain professional standards and ethical guidelines.
Depending on your needs, find a therapist who specializes in the type of therapy and issues you are dealing with (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy, Schema Therapy, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, etc)

What to Expect in Your Sessions with Our Therapist in London:

The initial consultation.
The first psychotherapy session, often referred to as the initial assessment or intake session, is
a crucial step in beginning the therapeutic process. The initial session is an opportunity for both
you and the therapist to assess whether you are a good fit for each other and whether the
therapist’s approach aligns with your needs and goals. It’s to understand the issues and assess
the fit. It is also different than a regular therapy session which you and the therapist will work on
the issues.

Setting goals and therapy timelines.
Setting goals in psychotherapy is an important part of the therapeutic process. Goals help you
and your therapist focus on what you want to achieve and provide a framework for your
sessions. It would enable you to know what you are working on and provide guidance for the
direction to take. It also factors in how many sessions you would need depending on your
expectations from therapy.

The welcoming and confidential environment.
Psychotherapy is safe and secure environment where you can openly explore your concerns
and work toward personal growth and well-being. Confidentiality is a fundamental principle in
ensuring your safety, and your personal information and discussions are kept confidential.

Conclusion:

Taking the first step can be challenging, as it might be anxiety inducing to meet a new therapist and open up about your struggles. However, it’s a courageous and empowering act that can set
you on a path to a happier, healthier, and more fulfilling life.
No matter where you are on your path to mental well-being, let’s create a safe and nurturing space where you can share our struggles, and be listened with empathy, and work towards a more balanced, and healthier state of mind.

Psychotherapist | Schema Therapist & CBT Therapist

I am a psychotherapist with several years of experience specializing in Cognitive Behavioural Therapies and Schema Therapy. I help people with a wide range of psychological problems at my private practice in north London and offer online sessions to video consultations if you are unable to attend in person.

I can help with a wide range of issues depression, problems with panic and anxiety (panic disorder, phobias, generalized anxiety disorder), relationship difficulties, obsessive compulsive disorder, eating disorders, trauma and PTSD, childhood trauma, personality disorders, low-self esteem, and self-exploration.

MY PSYCHOTHERAPY TRAINING
I have a bachelor’s degree in Psychology (2012) and master’s degree in Clinical Psychology (2017) which I completed extensive psychotherapy training as part of the programme.

I also completed additional training in Cognitive Behavioural Therapies, Art Therapy and Play Therapy. I completed my schema therapy training with International Society of Schema Therapy. I am also a member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP), British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP) and International Society of Schema Therapy (ISST).

Previously, I worked as a psychotherapist for several charities such as Doctors of the World and Maya Foundation between 2015-2019. I had the chance to offer psychotherapy to people with various issues and coming from different cultural backgrounds.

Currently, I accept clients at my private practice.

APPROACHES
Schema Therapy:
Schema Therapy helps with self discovery, depression, relationship problems, and personality issues/disorders.
In schema therapy, we will work to uncover and understand your schemas, sometimes called as life traps which are unhelpful patterns that we might all develop if our emotional needs aren’t met as a child.
These schemas can affect you throughout life and contribute to problematic coping methods and behaviours if they aren’t addressed. Schema therapy aims to teach you how to ensure your emotional needs are met in a healthy way that doesn’t cause distress.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy:
It is a short term psychotherapy approach that help you to manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It is the mostly recommended approach to treat anxiety, panic disorder, depression, OCD and PTSD.
I will help you to identify and challenge any negative thinking patterns and behaviour which may be causing you difficulties. In turn this can change the way you feel about situations, and enable you to change your behaviour in future. You and I might focus on what is going on in your life right now, but we might also look at your past, and think about how your past experiences impact the way you see the world.

HOW I WORK?
We will meet for an initial consultation session which takes between 50-60 minutes which we will discuss your needs, expectations, my style of working and come up with a plan if we decide to work together further.
Please note that I cannot offer fortnightly sessions. Appointments are to be kept regularly on a weekly basis.

I currently offer online sessions only in line with the government advise. However, I have previous training and extensive experience in online working and I see online therapy as a method of choice for many clients. I prefer to work online when you would like to receive online therapy and I find it as effective as face to face interaction.

Psikolog Tennur Katgi

Londra’da yaşayan danışanlarıma yüz yüze, dünyanın çeşitli ülkelerinde yaşayan danışanlarıma ise online danışmanlık sağlamaktayım.

Bireysel Danışmanlık ( Yüz yüze- Online Terapi)

Yetişkin danışanlarımla ağırlıklı olarak kaygı sorunları, depresyon, ilişki sorunları, stres yönetimi, travma, göçmenlikle ilişkili uyum sorunları konularında çalışıyorum. Danışanlarımı ağırlıklı olarak bilişsel davranışçı terapi ve şema terapi yaklaşımları ile desteklemekteyim.

Psikoterapi esnasında size hayatta yaşadıklarınız, tercihleriniz, hisleriniz ve düşünceleriniz nedeniyle asla yargılanmayacağınız, verdiğiniz bilgilerin gizli kalacağı, kendinizi güvende hissedebileceğiniz bir alan sunuyorum.

Psikoterapi çalışmalarımda her zaman sizlerin ihtiyaçlarını ön planda tutuyorum. En kısa sürede en iyi gelişmeyi görebileceğimiz, sorun yaşanan alanlarda rahatlamayı sağlayacak uygun psikoterapi tekniklerini kullanıyorum.

Kendi potansiyelini ortaya çıkartmanızı ve eskisinden daha güçlü ve olumlu bir şekilde hayatınıza devam etmenizi hedefliyorum.

Eğer siz de tanışmak, birlikte neler yapabileceğimizi keşfetmek ve psikolojik danışmanlık almak isterseniz iletisim kurabilirsiniz.

Çocuk ve Ergenlik Dönemi Danışmanlığı

Çocuk ve ergenlere ağırlıklı olarak depresyon ve kaygı sorunları, travma, yas, göçmenliğe uyum ve adaptasyon sorunları, okula uyum, sınır koyma ve kural tanıma, sınav kaygısı alanlarında destek olmaktayım.

Çocuklarla çalışırken oyun terapisi, sanat terapisi ve bilişsel davranışçı terapi tekniklerinden faydalanmaktayım. Ergen danışanlarımla çalışırken ise yaşadıkları geçiş dönemine uyumu güçlendirecek tekniklerden faydalanmaktayım.

Seanslar hakkında bilgi almak için ya da randevu oluşturmak için 02081033872 numarasını arayabilir ya da info@tennurkatgi.com’a email gönderebilirsiniz.

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